Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-695X
FURLAN, Marcos R. et al. Variation in the amounts of volatile constituents of Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Staf, Poaceae, collected in different regions of São Paulo State. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2010, vol.20, n.5, pp. 686-691. Epub 15-Out-2010. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000026.
The essential oil extracted from Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Staf, Poaceae, is rich in citral and has many applications in chemical and pharmaceutical industry. The aims of this study were evaluate the amount of citral in populations of C. citratus collected in two different regions (Ibiúna and Pindamonhangaba, São Paulo State). The essential oil extracted of a cultivated population in Pidamonhangaba-SP, showed a high content of citral (approximately 96.0%), while the essential oil from Ibiuna-SP, showed citral and high amounts of another monoterpene, geraniol. Additionally, the essential oils from this population of C. citratus were extracted and analyzed during 24 h (each 3 h), being the major concentration of citral in the night period, indicating that studies which evaluated the chemical differences associated to circadian changes. The components of essential oils were identified through 13C NMR, GC/MS, GC and Kovat's index.
Palavras-chave : Cymbopogon citratus; volatile constituents; citral.