Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
LINO, Priscila B.; CORREA, Cleber F.; ARCHONDO, Márcia E. D. L. and DELLOVA, Deise C. A. L.. Evaluation of post-surgical healing in rats using a topical preparation based on extract of Musa sapientum L., Musaceae, epicarp. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.3, pp.491-496. Epub Apr 01, 2011. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000052.
Considering that oral preparations made with peel green bananas (e.g. flour and extracts) demonstrated healing effects on mucous membranes and skin, this study evaluated the healing and the antimicrobial property of a topical preparation based on extract of Musa sapientum L., Musaceae, (apple banana) in surgically induced wounds in the skin of male Wistar rats, 100 g. The extract was obtained by decoction, the presence of tannins was detected by phytochemical screening and 10% of the extract was incorporated into the carbopol gel (CMS gel). The processes of healing and bacterial isolation were evaluated in the following experimental groups: control (no treatment), treatment with placebo or with the CMS gel. The healing of surgical wounds treated with the CMS gel was faster when compared with the control and placebo groups and the treatment with CMS gel also inhibited the growth of pyogenic bacteria and enterobacteria in the wounds. The results indicate that the extract of Musa sapientum epicarp has healing and antimicrobial properties (in vivo), probably, due to tannins.
Keywords : Musa sapientum; apple banana; tannin; tissue repair.