Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
ALVES, Verônica M. L.; SA-BARRETO, Lívia C. L.; SOUZA, Gustavo H. B. and CUNHA-FILHO, Marcílio S. S.. Co-processed extracts of Cassia angustifolia Vahl, Fabaceae, and Maytenus ilicifolia (Schrad.) Planch., Celastraceae, for production of high load tablets. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.3, pp. 510-517. Epub Mar 18, 2010. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000038.
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a co-processing technique for improving the manufacturing properties of Maytenus ilicifolia (Schrad.) Planch., Celastraceae, and Cassia angustifolia Vahl, Fabaceae, extracts in order to obtain tablets containing a high dose of such extracts. An experimental mixture design was used to optimise the formulation composition. Flowability parameters, such as compressibility index, time flow and angle of repose, were determined. Additional important industrial parameters, such as granulometry, bulk density and moisture stability, were also studied. The results demonstrated that co-processing technique was able to improve the flowability of vegetal extracts, making these materials suitable for a direct compression process. The contour plots revealed that formulations with a higher amount of lactose produced the best flow results as well as a larger particle size and a greater bulk density. Tablets from co-processed extracts containing lactose as majority diluent showed appropriate physical-chemical characteristics and presented a more stable moisture sorption behaviour compared to commercial gelatine capsules.
Keywords : Maytenus ilicifolia; Cassia angustifolia; co-processed extract; flowability; tablets.