Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
SAMPAIO, Bruno Leite et al. Influence of environmental factors on the concentration of phenolic compounds in leaves of Lafoensia pacari. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2011, vol.21, n.6, pp.1127-1137. Epub Sep 30, 2011. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000177.
Lafoensia pacari A. St.-Hil., Lythraceae, a plant from the Cerrado known as pacari or dedaleiro, is widely used as an antipyretic, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal and in the treatment of gastritis and cancer. Notable among the metabolite groups identified in leaves of L. pacari are the polyphenols, such as tannins and flavonoids, related to the pharmacological activities of pacari. Studies on the influence of environmental factors over production of major groups of secondary metabolites in pacari are important because they contribute data for its cultivation and harvest, and establish quantitative parameters of secondary metabolites in the plant drug. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of environmental factors on concentrations of phenolic metabolites in the leaves of L. pacari. Compounds quantified in the leaves were: total phenols, tannins by protein precipitation, hydrolysable tannins, total flavonoids, ellagic acid and mineral nutrients, while soil fertility was also analyzed, all over a period of one year. The data were analyzed using multivariate analysis, and the results suggest that metabolite concentrations in the leaves of this plant are influenced by seasonal factors, in particular the temperature and foliar micronutrients (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn).
Keywords : mineral nutrients; multivariate statistical analysis; seasonality; secondary metabolism.