Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
REBOUCAS, Sebastião de O. et al. The antigenotoxic activity of latex from Himatanthus articulatus. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.2, pp.389-396. Epub Nov 29, 2011. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2011005000216.
Himatanthus articulatus (Vahl) Woodson (Apocynaceae) is a native plant to the Amazon popularly used to treat ulcers, tumors, inflammations, cancer, syphilis and malaria. The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vivo genotoxic/antigenotoxic and mutagenic potential of this plant, using the comet and the micronucleus assays in mice. Female and male adult mice were treated with different doses of H. articulatus latex by gavage for two consecutive days. For the experiments, the latex was serially diluted with water to 1:2 (D1); 1:4 (D1/2) and 1:8 (D1/4) and administered to the animals. The blood slides were exposed to hydrogen peroxide (ex vivo) to evaluate antigenotoxic effect. Under the experimental conditions used in this study, the latex of H. articulatus did not increase the frequency of DNA damage as measured by the comet assay and micronucleus test in treated mice, indicating a non-genotoxic and non-mutagenic activity. In relation to the antigenotoxicity, latex exerted protective effect against DNA damage induced by hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, our results add new information about the antigenotoxic potential of H. articulatus latex, which is popularly used in the Amazon to treat different pathologies.
Keywords : antigenotoxic; comet assay; genotoxic; Himatanthus articulatus; latex.