Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
PANDHARE, Ramdas B; SANGAMESWARAN, B; MOHITE, Popat B and KHANAGE, Shantaram G. Attenuating effect of seeds of Adenanthera pavonina aqueous extract in neuropathic pain in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: an evidence of neuroprotective effects. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.2, pp. 428-435. Epub Jan 09, 2012. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000008.
The aim of present study was to investigate the attenuating effects of Adenanthera pavonina L., Leguminosae-Mimosaceae seeds aqueous extract (APSAE), in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic neuropathy in rats. APSAE (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg per day) was given to diabetic rats for twelve weeks. Cold and hot water tail immersion tests, photoactometer and Rota-rod tests were performed to assess degree of colder, thermal, spontaneous motor activity and motor co-ordination changes respectively at different time intervals i.e., week 0, 4, 8 and 12. Tissue superoxide anion and total calcium levels were determined after twelve weeks to assess biochemical alterations. Histopathological evaluations of sciatic nerve were also performed to assess nerve damage. APSAE treatment increased tail flick latency significantly in diabetic rats. APSAE also reduced superoxide anion and total calcium levels. These results suggested that APSAE has attenuated development of diabetic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats when compared with pregabalin (10 mg/kg, p.o.) and could be beneficial in preventing the progression of diabetic nephropathy.
Keywords : Adenanthera pavonina; diabetic neuropathy; superoxide anion; tail-flick latency; total calcium.