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Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
MARINHO-SORIANO, Eliane. Effect of depth on growth and pigment contents of the macroalgae Gracilaria bursa-pastoris. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.4, pp.730-735. Epub May 15, 2012. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000059.
The effects of environmental parameters on biomass, growth and pigment content of the red seaweed Gracilaria bursa-pastoris (S.G. Gmel.) P.C. Silva was investigated under field conditions in Thau Lagoon (France). The seaweed was cultivated in cages placed at three depths (1.0, 2.0 and 4.0 m) over a one-year period. The results showed elevated biomass and growth values in the spring and autumn, when temperature, light and photoperiod values were similar. The highest specific growth rates (SGR) were obtained at 1.0 m (4.95±0.29% day-1) and 2.0 m (4.45±0.33% day-1). At a depth of 4.0 m, the seaweed never exceeded 2% day-1 and obtained null values in the summer. The concentrations of phycoerythrin (RPE) and chlorophyll (CHL a) showed maximum values in the winter and minimum values in the summer. This evolution was related to water temperature, light intensity and nitrogen content in the algal tissue. The results obtained in this study show that the water depth influenced the growth and pigment composition of G. bursa-pastoris.
Keywords : macroalga; Gracilaria; depth; growth; pigment; nutrient.