Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
HAYASHI, Leila and REIS, Renata P.. Cultivation of the red algae Kappaphycus alvarezii in Brazil and its pharmacological potential. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.4, pp.748-752. Epub Apr 24, 2012. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000055.
Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) is a red algae widely cultivated as the main source of raw material for the carrageenan industry. This hydrocolloid is normally used in the food industry as a gelling and stabilizing agent. The facility of its commercial farming based on vegetative propagation promoted the success of the aquaculture of this macroalgae that consequently stimulated studies focusing on new potential uses of this resource. This work presents a brief review of the studies related to K. alvarezii cultivation in southern and southeastern Brazil, the latest discoveries in the world concerning pharmacological studies with this species and the advantages of the use of carrageenan as a source of dietary fiber, cholesterol reducer, and antioxidant, anti-viral and anti-cancer compounds, as well as the effects in hemagglutination activity.
Keywords : antioxidant; Kappaphycus alvarezii; seaweed farming; seaweed bioactive compounds.