Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Print version ISSN 0102-695X
KRISHNA, Panthati Murali; KNV, Rao; S, Sandhya and BANJI, David. A review on phytochemical, ethnomedical and pharmacological studies on genus Sophora, Fabaceae. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.5, pp. 1145-1154. Epub Apr 03, 2012. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000043.
Sophora is a genus of the Fabaceae family, contains about 52 species, nineteen varieties, and seven forms that are widely distributed in Asia, Oceanica, and the Pacific islands, in the family Fabaceae of herbaceous (Sophora flavescens Aiton) to trees (Sophora japonica L.). More than fifteen species in this genus have a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicines. In the last decades the use of this genus in traditional Chinese drugs has led to rapid increase in the information available on active components and reported to posses various pharmacological/therapeutic properties. The paper reviews the ethnopharmacology, the biological activities and the correlated chemical compounds of genus Sophora, Fabaceae. More than 300 compounds has been isolated, among them major are quinolizidine alkaloids particularly matrine and oxymatrine and flavonoids particularly prenylated and isoprenylated flavonoids. Modern pharmacological studies and clinical studies demonstrated that these chemical constituens possess wide reaching pharmacological actions like anti oxidant, anticancer, anti-asthamatic, anti-neoplastic, antimicrobial, antiviral, antidote, anti pyretic, cardiotonic, antinflammatory, diuretic and in the treatment of skin diseases like eczema, colitis and psoriasis.
Keywords : flavonoids; Sophora; sophoroflavonone G; sophoramine; matrine and oxymatrine alkaloids.