Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
versión impresa ISSN 0102-695X
NOVELLO, Cláudio R. et al. Morphoanatomy and pharmacognostic study of the wood of Croton echioides, the Northeastern Marapuama. Rev. bras. farmacogn. [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.5, pp. 946-956. Epub 15-Mayo-2012. ISSN 0102-695X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-695X2012005000062.
Croton echioides Baill., Euphorbiaceae, is a small tree found in Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Its stem bark has been widely sold as an aphrodisiac and tonic, as a substitute for the roots of Ptychopetalum olacoides Benth. Olacaceae, the Amazon Muira Puama or Marapuama, and C. echioides is characterized as the "Northeastern Marapuama". This contribution describes a morphoanatomical analysis and pharmacognostic study of stem bark of this species. The stem has a thick cortex with compound starch grains and laticifers; a sclerenchymatic sheath which consists of brachysclereids with large crystals externally to the phloem, and abundant fiber in the secondary xylem, as the main features of the species. The data obtained for water content (9.26±0.07%), water-soluble extractives (3.92±0.19%), total ash (1.24±0.06%) and acid-insoluble ash (0.16±0.01%), together with the chromatographic profile obtained by TLC, contribute to the quality control and standardization for the plant drug. The pharmacological screening indicated LD50 values above 500 mg/kg orally and equal to 500 mg/kg by the i.p. route, as well as some stimulant potential, depending on the dose.
Palabras llave : Croton echioides; Euphorbiaceae; morphoanatomy; Northeastern Marapuama; pharmacognostic quality control.