Sociedade e Estado
Print version ISSN 0102-6992
PEREIRA, João Márcio Mendes. The political-ideological dispute between redistributive agrarian reform and the market land reform model of the World Bank (1994-2005). Soc. estado. [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.3, pp.611-646. ISSN 0102-6992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-69922005000300006.
The work analyses the political-ideological dispute between the market land reform model (MLRM) of the World Bank (WB) and redistributive agrarian reform. We argue that the core of this dispute lies in the fact that the MLRM was created to substitute the expropriative and redistributive role of the State. We show that in all countries where it was implemented (South Africa, Colombia, Guatemala and Brazil), the alleged advantages attributed to the MLRM over agrarian reform did not materialize.
Keywords : State; World Bank; agrarian reform; market land reform.