Sociedade e Estado
Print version ISSN 0102-6992
PEREIRA, João Márcio Mendes and SAUER, Sérgio. A "reforma agrária assistida pelo mercado" do Banco Mundial no Brasil: dimensões políticas, implantação e resultados. Soc. estado. [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.3, pp. 587-612. ISSN 0102-6992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-69922011000300009.
This article surveys the implementation and results of a pilot project called Cédula da Terra (1997-2002) and its continuity through the National Credit for Land, after 2003, in Brazil. These programs were inspired in a model called "market-assisted land reform", financed by the World Bank and implemented in several countries, particularly in Latin America, starting in 1994 as an alternative to agrarian reform, which is basically active in Brazil today. Based on data of empirical researches it is argued that the Cédula da Terra was not well-succeeded in providing a model of access to land replicable on a larger scale, as the World Bank has been arguing. Furthermore, the article evaluates the developments of this model in the land policies of Luis Inácio Lula da Silva's Government (2003-2010).
Keywords : World Bank; Cédula da Terra; Agrarian Credit; Rural Poverty; Agrarian Reform.