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Sociedade e Estado
versão impressa ISSN 0102-6992
LIMA, Marcos Ferreira da Costa e SILVA, Marconi Aurélio e. Inovação em petróleo e gás no Brasil: a parceria Cenpes-Petrobras e Coppe-UFRJ. Soc. estado. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.1, pp. 97-115. ISSN 0102-6992. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-69922012000100007.
The Leopoldo Americo Miguêz de Mello Research and Development Center, of Petrobras, and the Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute for Post-Graduation Studies and Research in Engineering (Coppe), of UFRJ, have an extensive history of cooperation. Technology partnerships developed between them over the past four decades were responsible for much of the advanced technologically stage reached by Brazil in terms of exploration and production oil and gas, under the known adverse and remote conditions of our reserves, mostly found in deep and ultra deep sea waters. This article examines the historical evolution of the sector, the role of both institutions and about government incentives granted to enable this partnership, which suggests that the sectoral system of innovation in oil and gas is one of the best examples of innovative effort, that aimed to reach technological change in Brazil. It focuses to look on the successful example of cooperative synergy between Academia and the productive sector, analyzing qualitative and quantitative data collected from: ANP, Capes, Cenpes-Petrobras, CNPq, Finep and Coppe-UFRJ. Thus, we seek to understand how the new R&D centers that emerge in Brazil in the current decade, stimulated by the industry for the development of Pre-Salt, can be reflected on this experience, as well as identify challenges that can be overcome.
Palavras-chave : Petroleum and Gas; Innovation; Brazil; Cenpes; Coppe.