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Sociedade e Estado

versão impressa ISSN 0102-6992versão On-line ISSN 1980-5462

Resumo

FREITAS, Renan Springer de. The work of laboratories, the coal tar industry, and the current conception of scientific activity. Soc. estado. [online]. 2020, vol.35, n.2, pp.501-524.  Epub 04-Set-2020. ISSN 1980-5462.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s0102-6992-202035020006.

The enduring link which exists between industry and science as we know it today only began to be established in the middle of the 19th century. In this article I argue that the establishment of this link occurred by means of a radical change in the very way of conceiving scientific activity. Thus, I show what was the new conception of scientific activity that appeared in the middle of the 19th century and ask how it came to be established. I suggest that the answer lies in the interweaving of two activities that did not exist until the 19th century: the systematic work of the laboratories, which only gained an institutional dimension in the 1830s, and the exploitation of coal tar for industrial goals, which only started in 1856.

Palavras-chave : Industrial Revolution; English scientific culture; Justus von Liebig; Coal tar industry; Industrial development in 19th century.

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