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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
ASSAD, Renato S; LEE, Fan-Yen; BERGER, Kim and HANLEY, Frank I. Fetal cardiac surgery: hemodynamic characteristics of placenta during extracorporeal circulation. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 1991, vol.6, n.1, pp.38-44. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76381991000100007.
Decreased placental perfusion and respiratory gas exchange have been observed following experimental fetal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). To better characterize placental hemodynamics during CPB, 7 isolated in-situ lamb placentas were placed on a CPB circuit, using umbilical arterial and venous cannulation. Measures were taken to simulate normal placental hemodynamics. Perfusion flow rates were varied randomly from 15 to 300 ml/min/kg fetal wt. during both normothermia and hypothermia. Placental vascular resistance (PVR) remained constant when perfusion pressure and flow were varied above 40 mmHg and 150 ml/min/kg respectively. Below these values, PVR varied inversely. This increase in PVR was more marked when CPB was performed with hypothermia as compared to normothermia. The clinical implications is that decreased placental flow and pressure on CPB may lead to a vicious cycle resulting in further impariment of placental perfusion and respiratory gas exchange. Hypothermia promotes this impairment.
Keywords : heart surgery, fetal; placenta [hemodynamic during extracorporeal circulation].