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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Print version ISSN 0102-7638


COSTA, Francisco Diniz Affonso da et al. Initial surgical experience with the Ross procedure (pulmonary autograft). Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 1996, vol.11, n.2, pp.86-95. ISSN 0102-7638.

BACKGROUND: After the excelent long term results reported with the Ross operation, its use increased worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Report our initial surgical experience with this procedure. METHODS: From may/95 trough february/96, 24 patients (mean age 28.3 years) were submitted to Ross procedure with the root replacement method. Reconstrution of the right ventricular outflow tract was achieved by 17 pulmonary and 7 aortic homografts stored in nutrient-antibiotic media. All patients were submitted to angiographic and echocardiographic Doppler flow studies at the immediate postoperative period to assess ventricular function and hemodynamic performance of the homografts. Three patients with follow-up longer than 6 months had a second ecocardiographic study. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was 4%. All hospital survivors were discharged in synus rhytm and with no diastolic murmur of aortic insufficiency. Hemodynamic performance of the autografts was excellent with low peak systolic gradients (4.0 ± 1.3 mmHg by echocardiography and 2.8 ± 1.2 mmHg by cardiac catheterism). Twenty-one patients had none or trivial autograft insufficiency and two presented with mild insufficiency. None had moderate or severe regurgitation. Peak systolic gradients in the homografts were also low (3.0 ± 0.9 mmHg by echocardiography and 4,3 ± 1,4 mmHg by catheterism) and only two had mild insufficiency. There was a significant reduction in left ventricular mass in the early postoperative period. After a mean follow-up of 5,1 months (1-9 months) all patients were in NYHA functional class I and free of events. Three patients with followup periods longerthan 6 months had asecond echocardiogram which showed normal left ventricular function and mass and adequate performance of the auto and homografts. CONCLUSION: The Ross operation can be done with low operative mortality and good short term results. We believe it will be widely employed by others in our country.

Keywords : Pulmonary valve [transplantation]; Aortic valve [surgery]; Aorta [surgery]; Ross operation.

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