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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
BRAILE, Domingo M et al. In vitro comparative study between bovine pericardial and porcine bioprosthesis. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 1996, vol.11, n.4, pp.270-273. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76381996000100008.
Most of the cardiac valve implantations in Brazil are represented by bovine pericardial valves, followed by the porcine prostheses. In the evaluation of biological valves, the following should be taken into consideration: hydrodynamic performance resistance to fatigue and calcification process. In this study, the hydrodynamic performance of bovine pericardial bioprostheses (Biopro-BP-Braile Biomedica) was evaluated comparatively to porcine valves (Biopro-PP-Braile Biomedica), through the transvalvular medium gradient. The hydrodynamic tests were made on prostheses varying from 19 to 35 mm in diameter, which underwent the pulse duplicator system Shelhigh (Shelligh Inc.). The ejection volume was constantly kept at 90 ml. The pulse frequencies varied between 60 and 100 cycles per minute, allowing flows between 5 and 9 liters per minute, equivalent to approximate continuos flows of 8 to 18 liters per minute. There was tendency to decrease the gradients, in proportion to increase of the bioprostheses external diameters. The medium pressure gradient found in the bovine pericardial prostheses was significantly smaller than that in the porcine prostheses (p<0.01), for all diameters studied. Respecting the large variability of protocols of tests in the literature for hydrodynamic evaluation of valve prostheses, the necessity of standard tests becomes stronger, seeking adequate comparison among the several valves.
Keywords : Heart valves prosthesis; Bioprosthesis; Pericardium; Pericardium [cattle]; Pericardium [swine]; Material testing; Biocompatible materials.