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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Print version ISSN 0102-7638On-line version ISSN 1678-9741


PACHON MATEOS, José Carlos et al. Right ventricular bifocal stimulation in treatment of heart failure with dilated cardiomyopathy. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2000, vol.15, n.1, pp.44-54. ISSN 1678-9741.

BACKGROUND: Widening of QRS by ventricular conventional pacing (CP) impairs ventricular contractility and mitral performance. PURPOSE: To study an alternative mode of cardiac stimulation with narrower QRS, using 2 leads in the right ventricle and to test it, compared to CP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 5 dilated cardiomyopathy patients (3 Chagas´ disease, 2 unknown) with cardiac failure (NYHA III/4) and pacemaker (PM) indication, 4 male/1 female, mean age 52.2. years, cardiac shape 3+/4+, chronic AF with AVB, were submitted to endocardial PM implants with 2 right ventricular leads. The first in the His bundle area (septal) and the second, conventional, in the right ventricular apex. The generator was Biotronik Dromos DR (the short programmable AV = 15ms). The septal lead was connected to the atrial outflow and the one of the apex to the ventricular exit. After 2 weeks, they were studied by echocardiogram, in 3 stimulation modes in the same session with same cardiac rate: mode "AAI" (septal), mode VVI (conventional) and mode "DDT" with AV interval=15ms (almost simultaneous bifocal stimulation). RESULTS: The averages of the parameters studied were: n1a07t0b.gif (9767 bytes) CONCLUSION: The echocardiographic evaluation for the immediate comparison in the same patient with 3 stimulation modes, revealed: 1. The conventional mode showed the worse hemodynamic performance; 2. the bifocal mode showed the best result with mean increase of the EF of 6.8% and of CO in 0.6 l/min, mean reduction of LA in 7.5 cm2, mean reduction of the area of mitral regurgitation in 7.6 cm2 and mean reduction in the QRS duration of 61ms, (p < 0.03). It was the best stimulation in cardiomyopathy with heart failure, functional mitral regurgitation and pacemaker indication.

Keywords : Cardiomyopathy [congestive]; Cardiomyopathy [therapy]; Pacemaker [artificial]; Cardiac output [low therapy].

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