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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
KALIL, Renato A. K. et al. Simplified surgical technique for the treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation in patients with mitral valve disease: could it work?. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2000, vol.15, n.2, pp.129-135. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382000000200005.
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation, nowadays, has been treated surgically by the maze procedure and its modifications. However, there is some evidence that points to the pulmonary vein ostia as trigger point for this arrhythmia. We postulate a surgical approach of pulmonary vein isolation or left atrial isolation in order to treat this disease. In this study we show the initial results of this technique in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation associated with mitral valve disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven patients were operated on by pulmonary vein isolation (IVP) and compared to the past results of the 57 patients in which the maze procedure had been done (Cox 3). RESULTS: Age - 49±8 years vs. 49±11 years (IVP vs. Cox 3), 71% and 72% (IVP vs. Cox 3) were female. Left atrium size was 5.5±0.7 cm vs. 6.0±1.1 cm (IVP vs. Cox 3). Ventricular EF 63±10% vs. 64±6% (IVP vs. Cox 3). Extracorporeal circulation time 91±33 min vs.104±29 min (IVP vs. Cox 3). Aortic cross-clamping 71±23 min vs. 83±26 min (IVP vs. Cox 3). Cardiac rhythm: sinusal / atrial n(%): 6(86) vs. 46(80) (IVP vs. Cox 3). Cardiac pace rhythm n(%):1 (14) vs. 4 (7) (IVP vs. Cox 3). Atrial fibrillation n(%):0 vs. 7 (13) (IVP vs. Cox 3). CONCLUSIONS: The initial results show sinus rhythm restoration and its maintenance. We have already started a double-blind randomized trial between these two surgical techniques.
Keywords : Atrial fibrillation [surgery]; Atrial fibrillation [etiology]; Mitral valve [pathology]; Mitral valve [surgery]; Cardiac surgical procedures [methods]; Pulmonary veins [surgery].