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Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
RIBEIRO, Gustavo Calado de Aguiar et al. Efficacy of endoventricular patch plasty in large postinfarction akinetic scar and severe left ventricular dysfunction. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2002, vol.17, n.1, pp. 13-18. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382002000100004.
PURPOSE: Efficacy of endoventricular patch plasty in large postinfarction akinetic scar and severe left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: This study evaluated clinical and hemodynamic results of endoventricular circular patch plasty in patients with either large akinetic scar (n=9) or large dyskinetic scar (n=11) and depressed left ventricular function (ejection fraction < 35%). The difference between akinetic and dyskinetic left ventricular aneurysms was diagnosed by gated radionuclide ventriculography. Groups were comparable for symptons and by echocardiography and by hemodynamic before and after the surgery. RESULTS: Results showed an early improvement in New York Heart Association functional class. Statistically (the Student t test) an improvement occurred in left ventricle ejection fraction (from 25 ± 0.8% to 39 ± 1.6% in akinetic patients and from 27 ± 0.7% to 41 ± 1.6% in dyskinetic patients), decreased of capillary wedge pressure (20 ± 1.2 mmHg to 12 ± 1.2 mmHg in akinetics and 17 ± 0,5 mmHg to 11 ± 0.9 mmHg in dyskinetics patients), decrease end-diastolic volume index (226 ± 11 ml to 115 ± 7,8 ml in akinetics and 209 ± 11ml to 96 ± 5ml in dyskinetics) and end-systolic volume index (176 ± 9.2 ml to 77 ± 6.2 ml in akinetics and 160 ± 10ml to 66 ± 2ml in dyskinetics patients. Overall operative mortality was 10% (2 cases in akinetic group = 22.2%). CONCLUSION: We find that endoventricular circular patch plasty technique allows an effective correction and provides a significant improvement in cardiac function in patients with large postinfarction akinetic scar and severe left ventricular dysfunction.
Keywords : Myocardial infarction [complications]; Heart aneurysms [surgery]; Heart ventricle [surgery]; Ventricular function.