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Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
ALBRECHT, Álvaro et al. Randomized study of surgical correction of permanent atrial fibrillation: preliminary results. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.3, pp. 295-300. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382004000300007.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of techniques in the treatment of atrial fibrillation: the Maze procedure and Isolation of Pulmonary Veins were compared together with Control group, to establish the best treatment for this arrhythmia. METHOD: All patients were referred for surgery due for other cardiac lesions, which were treated concurrently. From July 1999 to September 2003, fifty-one patients where randomly allocated to the different groups. No cryoablation or other source of energy was used. The following variables were initially analyzed: total bypass time, aortic clamping time, sinus rhythm at discharge, and trans-operative and immediate post-operative complications. RESULTS: There were two intra-hospitalar deaths, one in the Maze group and one in the Isolation of Pulmonary Veins group. The Maze group had the longest bypass time (p<0,001). The duration of follow-up of 28.4 ±14 months was similar between the groups. The Isolation of Pulmonary Veins achieved the best results concerning reversion to sinus rhythm with 84.2% at hospital discharge and 88.9% after follow-up. In the Maze group, 78.5% of sinus rhythm was seen detected at discharge and 84.6% at the end of follow-up. In the Control group 87.5% of the patients have atrial fibrillation at discharge and after follow-up atrial fibrillation remained at 56.3% of the patients. There was no difference in the NYHA class between the groups after follow-up (p=0.56) and Control group patients had more complications (p=0.017). CONCLUSION: These results show that both techniques, the Maze and Isolation of Pulmonary Veins, have advantages over simple correction of cardiac lesions when associated to atrial fibrillation.
Keywords : Atrial fibrillation; Mitral valve [surgery]; Arrhythmia [surgery]; Cardiac surgical procedures.