Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
DALLAN, Luís A.O. et al. Inhibitory action of the Interleukin 1ß over the cellular proliferation of smooth muscle cells cultivated from human saphenous veins. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.2, pp. 111-116. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382005000200004.
OBJECTIVE: The saphenous vein (SV) is an effective graft used in coronary artery bypass grafting, although, its patency can be affected by the development of atherosclerosis. We have developed an experimental study demonstrating the development of apoptosis in SV grafts cultivated under arterial hemodynamic conditions (AHC). The Interleukin - 1ß expression was also elevated in these veins slices. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of the interleukin - 1ß in the precocious proliferation of the cultures of primary smooth muscle cells (PSMC). METHOD: PSMC of six different human SVs were cultivated in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Method associated with bovine fetal serum. The control group was not treated with Interleukin - 1ß but treated groups were. Cellular proliferation (CP) was evaluated by measuring triple thymidine [3H], incorporated into the proliferated cells. RESULTS: The treatment with Interleukin - 1ß decreases cellular proliferation. The control group presented 100 ± 4.5% of CP. In the treated groups the quantity of Interleukin - 1ß administered and the respective levels of CP observed were: 0.1 ng/ml - 112 ± 0.7%; 1 ng/mL - 83 ± 4.7%; 10 ng/mL - 69.1 ± 3.8% and 100 ng/mL - 76.3 ± 10.9% (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: We can conclude that the administration of increasing quantities of Interleukin - 1ß inhibits the proliferation of PSMC cultivated from human SVs. This suggests that the precocious process of apoptosis observed in the SV grafts exposed to AHC can be related to the action of this interleukin.
Keywords : Cell culture; Saphenous vein; Myocardial revascularization; Gene Expression; Interleukin - 1.