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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
GUARITA-SOUZA, Luiz Cesar et al. Comparison of mononuclear and mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in myocardium infarction. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.3, pp.270-278. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382005000300007.
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow stem cell (SC) transplantation into failing myocardium has emerged as a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of ventricular dysfunction. Both mononuclear (MoSC) and mesenchymal (MeSC) stem cells have been proposed as ideal cell types to this goal. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of these cells in improving ventricular function in a rat model of post-infarct ventricular dysfunction. METHOD: Myocardial infarction was induced in Wistar rats by left coronary occlusion. After 1 week, 42 animals with resulting ejection fractions (EF) lower than 30% were included in the study. MoSC and MeSC were obtained from bone marrow aspirates and separated by the Ficoll-Hypaque method. MeSC were cultured for 14 days before injection. Nine days after infarction, rats received intramyocardial injections of MoSC (n=8), MeSC (n=13) or culture medium as a control (n=21). Echocardiographic evaluation was performed at baseline and after one month. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the baseline ejection fractions or the left ventricular end diastolic volumes (LVEDV) between all groups. After 1 month, ejection fraction decreased in the Control Group and remained unchanged in MoSC and MeSC Groups. In all three groups ventricular dilation was observed. Histopathology of the infarcted area where injections were performed identified new smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells in the MeSC Group and only new endothelial cells in MoSC Group CONCLUSIONS: Both MoSC and MeSC provided stabilization in the ejection fraction in this post-infarction ventricular dysfunction model however, no therapy prevented ventricular dilation.
Keywords : Cell transplantation; Myocardial infarction; Rats [Wistar].