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Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
MILANI, Rodrigo et al. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with arterial grafts: analysis of 300 cases. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.3, pp. 296-300. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382005000300011.
OBJECTIVE: The present study reviews our immediate experience of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using arterial grafts alone. METHOD: Between June 2000 and December 2004, 300 patients were submitted to off-pump myocardial revascularization using only arterial grafts. The left internal mammary artery was the first-choice graft, followed by radial artery and the right mammary artery. RESULTS: The ages of the patients ranged from 33 to 77 years, with 234 male and 66 female. In respect to risk factors for coronary disease, 77% had hypertension, 66% had history of smoking, 53% had high levels of cholesterol and 21% had diabetes. Eighty-four patients (28%) had a history of myocardial infarction and 77 (25.6%) were using endovenous nitroglycerin in the preoperative period. The ejection fraction was less than 30% in 77 (25.6%) patients. A total of 189 patients had multi-vessel disease. The EuroSCORE ranged from 0 to 12 points with an expected mortality rate of 3.7%. The total numbers of distal anastomoses were 838, with a mean of 2.79±0.97 anastomoses per patient. There were six deaths in this series, one caused by renal failure, one caused by metabolic disorders, two caused by mediastinitis, one caused by pneumonia and one caused by bleeding. Diabetes was the only factor associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: The use of arterial grafts in off-pump myocardial revascularization did not increase the immediate mobidity and mortality in this series. The results were similar to the results predicted by EuroSCORE. The use of arterial grafts alone in diabetics patients must be carefully evaluated.
Keywords : Myocardial revascularization; Extracorporeal circulation; Coronary disease [surgery]; Internal mammary-coronary artery anastomosis.