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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
CASTRO, Reginaldo Pereira de et al. Conventional ultrafiltration with technical modification in congenital heart defect surgery. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.1, pp.42-49. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382006000100009.
OBJECTIVE: To compare patients submitted to the conventional ultrafiltration (CUF) with and without a technical modification that allows use of residual blood from the circuit tubes and oxygenator. METHOD: From March 2002 to January 2005, 301 patients undergoing to congenital heart defects surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were retrospectively analyzed and divided in two groups: Group A - 130 submitted to CUF and Group B, 171 patients submitted to CUF with a technical modification that uses residual blood. Demographic data, diagnosis, surgical treatment, intra-operative and postoperative data, the need and amount of blood transfusions, laboratorial results and length of hospital stay were compared between the groups. RESULTS: There was no differences in the initial hematocrit before CPB (p = 0.06), but in the Group B, the values after ultrafiltration were higher (p <0.0001). Group B patients received more transfusions in the first 48 hours of the postoperative period (p <0.0001). There was no signicant difference in the time of mechanical ventilation (p = 0.34), but the inotropic support (p <0.0001), antibiotic therapy (p = 0.0006), length of stay in the intensive care unit (p <0.0001) and length of hospital stay (p <0.0001) were greater for Group B. CONCLUSIONS: CUF with the technical modification was not better than conventional CUF, because in spite of elevating the hematocrit after the CBP, it caused greater postoperative bleeding with a greater need of blood transfusions and longer hospitalar stays.
Keywords : Ultrafiltration; Extracorporeal circulation; Heart defects, congenital.