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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Print version ISSN 0102-7638On-line version ISSN 1678-9741

Abstract

VIARO, Fernanda et al. Endothelium dysfunction caused by acute pressure distension of human saphenous vein used for myocardial revascularization. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.2, pp.169-175. ISSN 1678-9741.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382007000200004.

OBJECTIVE: To study morphofunctional alterations induced by brief pressure increases in human saphenous veins utilized in coronary artery bypass grafting. METHOD: Saphenous veins of 20 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, were distributed into four experimental groups, control, 100 mmHg, 200 mmHg and 300 mmHg, and submitted to pressure distention over 15 seconds using Krebs solution. The evaluation included CD34 immunohistochemistry and an In vitro vascular reactivity study in organ chambers. RESULTS: The main experimental findings were 1) From pressures of 200 mmHg there was a tendency to reduce the CD34 expression which became statistically significant at 300 mmHg; 2) There was no impairment of the contraction and relaxation as evidenced by in vitro vascular reactivity tests. CONCLUSION: Although vascular reactivity impairment was not demonstrated in vitro, the CD34 expression, measured by imunohistochemistry, shows there is endothelium dysfunction at pressures of 300 mmHg.

Keywords : Endothelium; Saphenous vein; Nitric oxide; Hydrostatic pressure; Myocardial revascularization.

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