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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
FERREIRA, Andrea Dumsch de Aragon et al. L-glutamic acid in the prevention of the calcification of bovine pericardial fixed in glutaraldehyde: study in rats. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.3, pp.303-309. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382007000300006.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of L-glutamic acid to prevent calcification of glutaraldehyde bovine pericardium implanted in rats' subcutaneous tissues. METHODS: Fifty four Wistar rats were divided in six groups according to the type of the bovine pericardium implanted. At first, all pericardia were initially cross-linked with 0.5% glutaraldehyd (GDA) fixative for 72 h. In Group I, after the initial fixation, the pericardia were preserved in 0.2% GDA fixative until the implantation, whereas in Group II they were stocked in Paraben solution. In Groups III and IV, after the initial fixation in 0.5% GDA fixative, the pericardia were treated with 8% L-glutamic acid at pH 7.4 and 3.5, respectivelly, being subsequently stocked in Paraben solution. Groups V and VI were similar to III and IV, except for the concentration of L-Glutamic acid which was 0.8%. Explantation was done at 15, 30, and 60 days, and the specimens submitted to histological analysis with Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Von Kossa stains, besides calcium quantification with atomic spectrofotometry. RESULTS: Microscopic analysis demonstrated severe and progressive calcification in groups I, II, and III, whereas in groups IV, V, and VI calcification, when present, was mild and focal. Spectrofotomety confirmed these findings, revealing calcium contents of 1.93µg/mg of tissue at 60 days in the control group. Groups IV and VI showed the least calcium contents (0.063 e 0.066, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The use of L-glutamic acid in segments of bovine pericardium with glutaraldehyde fixative was effective in preventing the calcification when implanted in rats' subcutaneous up to 60 days.
Keywords : Glutamic acid; Glutaral; Pericardium; Calcinosis.