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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Print version ISSN 0102-7638On-line version ISSN 1678-9741


COSTA, Francisco et al. Ross Operation with decelularized pulmonary allografts: medium-term results. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2007, vol.22, n.4, pp.454-462. ISSN 0102-7638.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium-term results (4 years) of decelularized allografts during Ross Operation. METHODS: From January 2003 to February 2007, 68 patients underwent Ross Operation with decelularized allografts. Forty eight were male and the mean age was 30.3±11.2 years. Decelularization was done with deoxicolic acid (DOA) in 35 cases and with sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) in 33. For comparison of the gradients, 68 patients with cryopreserved allografts and matched for age were selected. All patients had a control echo before hospital discharge and annually thereafter. In addition, eight patients had MRI studies. In two patients, samples of the conduit wall were analyzed by histological analysis. RESULTS: There was one (1.4%) early death. In the late follow-up, there were two reoperations for endocarditis and one late death. The early gradients varied between 4 29 mmHg (m= 10.3± 5.5mmHg) and exhibited an increase to 16.5±12.2 mmHg (min=4, max=45) at 24 months postoperatively. There were no significant differences when compared to the cryopreserved group. There was, however, a tendency towards lesser gradients in the SDS decelularized group after 12 months. Histological analysis revealed partial reendothelization and progressive repopulation of the tunica media with autogenous cells. There was no progressive pulmonary insufficiency. The MRI results showed a lesser tendency to shrinkage in the decelularized conduits. CONCLUSIONS: The use of decelularized allografts was safe and with good medium-term results up to 4 years. There was a tendency to lower late gradients in the SDS decelularized allografts after 12 months.

Keywords : Transplantation, homologous; Tissue engineering; Aortic valve; Heart valves.

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