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Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
FLORES, Daniela Marchiori et al. Chronotropic response to exercise after pulmonary veins isolation or Cox-maze operation. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.4, pp. 474-479. ISSN 1678-9741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382008000400004.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the chronotropic response to exercise during immediate and late postoperative period after atrial fibrillation and mitral valve surgical treatment by different techniques. METHODS: Prospective controlled clinical study of 42 patients presenting chronic AF associated mitral valve disease, who underwent surgery by the techniques of pulmonary veins isolation (n=16), Modified Cox-maze procedure, without crioablation (n=13), both with isolated mitral valve repair (n=13). The preoperative clinical characteristics, surgical indications, kind and aetiology of valve lesion were similar between groups. The patients were outpatient followed-up and underwent series of ergometric tests. RESULTS: In the immediate postoperative period, chronotropic response was similar in the 3 groups with mean of 73.6 ± 12.3% of maximal calculated heart rate. In the surgical pulmonary veins isolation group, there was an increment of heart rate, from 64.4 ± 12.4% of maximal heart rate in the immediate postoperative period to 78.9 ± 10.5% in the 12th month (P=0.012) of postoperative. In the Cox-maze group, heart rate varied, respectively, from 73.9 ± 11.14% to 78.8 ± 15.2% (P=1.000) and in the control group (only mitral valve surgery), from 67.2 ± 14.3% to 71.9 ± 12.9% (P=0.889). CONCLUSION: An attenuation of immediate postoperative chronotropic response to exercise was similar in the postoperative in the three different surgical techniques. There was a significant improvement in this response concerning to postoperative outcome in the pulmonary veins isolation group. These results suggest that simple surgical pulmonary veins isolation may be related to a better preservation of atrial chronotropism.
Keywords : Atrial fibrillation; Cardiac surgical procedures; Mitral valve; Heart rate.