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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
DAROZ, Luiz Renato Dias et al. Prevention of postoperative pericardial adhesions using thermal sterile carboxymethyl chitosan. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.4, pp.480-487. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382008000400005.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate CMC physical-chemical alterations after thermal sterilization and its efficacy in preventing poststernotomy pericardial adhesions. METHODS: After autoclaving thermal sterilization, thermal sterile Carboxymethyl Chitosan (CMCts) was submitted to physical-chemical analysis. Twelve animals were divided into two groups and underwent pericardiotomy and adhesion induction protocol. Afterward, topic CMCts or saline solution was administered. After 8 weeks, a sternotomy was performed for adhesion score macroscopic evaluation, dissection time and the amount of recalcitrant dissection, and microscopic evaluation. RESULTS: Physical-chemical analysis showed no difference between CMC and CMCts. A macroscopic analysis showed that the intensity of adhesions was significantly lower in the CMCts group (P=0.007). Dissection time and use of recalcitrant dissection also decreased significantly (P=0.007, P=0.008; respectively). Microscopic results indicated a significant reduction in the epicardium collagen area and in the total epicardium area (P=0.05) and (P=0.03). CONCLUSION: The sterilization method did not change Carboxymethyl Chitosan physical-chemical properties. Using barrier bipolymer, such as CMCts, can decrease the intensity of pericardium postoperative adhesions, reducing sternotomy complications in cardiovascular reoperations.
Keywords : Adhesions [prevention & control]; Pericardium; Chitosan; Sterilization [methods]; Cardiac surgical procedures; Swine.