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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
On-line version ISSN 1678-9741
SILVA, Kátia Regina da et al. Warfarin prevents venous obstruction after cardiac devices implantation in high-risk patients: partial analysis. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.4, pp.542-549. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382008000400015.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic use of warfarin in patients with high risk of lead-associated thrombosis. METHODS: Clinical, prospective, randomized and blinded study, in patients submitted to first transvenous leads implantation with LVEF <0.40 and/or previous ipsilateral temporary pacing. After device implantation, patients were randomly assigned to placebo or warfarin. Periodical clinical and laboratorial evaluations were performed to anticoagulant management. After a six-month period, every patient was submitted to a digital subtraction venography. From February 2004 to November 2006, 101 patients underwent randomization. Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups (P=NS). RESULTS: Venographic analysis showed 31.4% of venous obstructions in patients assigned to warfarin as compared with 57.1% in patients assigned to placebo (RR= 0.57 [95% CI, 0.33 to 0.98]; P=0.015). In the warfarin group, 72% of the PT/INR tests were in therapeutic INR range. Only one patient required warfarin discontinuation and cross-over to placebo group due to gastrointestinal bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results showed that the anticoagulation therapy has been safe and reduced the frequency of venous thrombosis after transvenous cardiac devices implantation in high risk patients.
Keywords : Cardiac pacing, artificial; Postoperative complications; Venous thrombosis; Anticoagulants; Clinical trial.