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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
LOBO FILHO, Heraldo Guedis; CARVALHO, Eduardo Rebouças; LOBO FILHO, José Glauco and LOBO, Patrícia Leal Dantas. Infected aneurysm of brachial artery after mitral valve infective endocarditis. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.1, pp.131-134. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-76382011000100023.
We present a case of brachial artery infected aneurysm in a patient with infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus bovis. A 49-year-old man presented with fever dyspnea and a pansystolic murmur with irradiation to axilla. The echocardiogram revealed vegetation in native mitral valve. After mitral valve replacement with bioprosthesis, it was observed pulsatile mass of five centimeters in diameter at antecubital fossa of right upper limb. It was made the diagnosis of infected aneurysm of the brachial artery, and the surgery was performed successfully. The aim of this case report is to show a rare complication after infective endocarditis.
Keywords : Endocarditis; Brachial artery; Aneurysm, infected.