Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
FERRARI, Andres Di Leoni et al. Atrioventricular block in the postoperative period of heart valve surgery: incidence, risk factors and hospital evolution. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.3, pp. 364-372. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20110010.
INTRODUCTION: Disturbances of the cardiac conduction system are potential complications after cardiac valve surgery. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the association between perioperative factors and atrio-ventricular block, the need for temporary cardiac artificial pacing and, if necessary, permanent pacemaker implantation after cardiac valve surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Cardiac Surgery Database - Hospital São Lucas/PUCRS. The data are collected prospectively and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Between January 1996 and December 2008 were included 1102 valve surgical procedures: 718 aortic valves (65.2%), 407 (36.9%) mitral valve and 190 (17.2%) coronar artery bypass grafting combined with valve repair and 23 (2.1%) aortic and mitral combined surgery. 187 patients (17%) showed clinical and electrocardiographic pattern of atrio-ventricular block requiring artificial temporary pacing. Of these, 14 patients (7.5%) required permanent pacemaker implantation (1.27% of the total valve surgery patients). Multivariate analysis showed association of the incidence of atrio-ventricular block and temporary pacing with mitral valve surgery (OR 1,76; CI 95% 1.08-2.37; P=0.002), implantation of bioprosthetic devices (OR 1.59; CI 95% 1.02-3.91; P=0,039), age over 60 years (OR 1.99; CI 95% 1.352.85; P<0.001), prior use of anti-arrhythmic drugs (OR 1.86; CI 95% 1.04-3.14; P=0.026) and previous use of b-blocker (OR 1.76; CI 95% 1.25-2.54; P=0.002). Remarkably the presence of atrio-ventricular block did not significantly show association with increased mortality, but significantly prolonged (P<0.0001) hospital length-of-stay and, therefore, hospital costs. CONCLUSIONS: Our study presents a group of predictive factors referring to a specific patient profile by which high risk of atrio-ventricular block and the need of temporary cardiac pacing after cardiac valve surgery it is determined
Keywords : Atrioventricular block; Pacemaker, artificial; Cardiovascular surgical procedures; Heart valves; Postoperative complications.