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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
MIRANDA, Regina Coeli Vasques de; PADULLA, Susimary Aparecida Trevizan and BORTOLATTO, Carolina Rodrigues. Respiratory physiotherapy and its application in preoperative period of cardiac surgery. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.4, pp.647-652. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20110057.
Cardiac surgical procedures change respiratory mechanics, defecting in lung dysfunction. The physical therapists play an important role in the preparation and rehabilitation of individuals who are undergoing cardiac surgery, as they have a large quantity of techniques. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of breathing exercises with and without the use of devices, and respiratory muscle training in preoperative period of cardiac surgery in reducing postoperative pulmonary complications. Although there are controversies as to which technique to use, studies show the effectiveness of preoperative physiotherapy in the prevention and reduction of postoperative pulmonary complications.
Keywords : Cardiac surgical procedures; Physical therapy modalities; Rehabilitation; Postoperative complications.