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Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Print version ISSN 0102-7638
MEJIA, Omar Asdrúbal Vilca et al. Coronary artery bypass grafting in acute myocardial infarction: analysis of predictors of in-hospital mortality. Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.1, pp.66-74. ISSN 0102-7638. http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1678-9741.20120011.
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during the acute phase of infarction (AMI) is associated with increased operative risk. The aim of this study was to determine predictors of in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing CABG in AMI. METHODS: During three years, all patients undergoing CABG in AMI were retrospectively analyzed of the institutional database. Sixty variables per patient were evaluated: 49 preoperative variables from the 2000 Bernstein-Parsonnet and EuroSCORE models, 4 preoperative variables not considered in these models (time between AMI and CABG, maximum CKMB, Troponin maximum and ST-segment elevation) and 7 intraoperative variables [(cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), CPB time, type of cardioplegia, endarterectomy, number of grafts, use of internal thoracic artery and complete revascularization]. Univariate and multivariate analysis for the outcome of in hospital mortality were performed. RESULTS: The mean time between AMI and CABG was 3.8 ± 3 days. The overall mortality was 19%. In the multivariate analysis: age > 65 years OR [16.5 (CI 1.8 to 152), P= 0.013]; CPB > 108 minutes [OR 40 (CI 2.7 to 578), P= 0.007], creatinine> 2 mg/dl [OR 35.5 (CI 1.7 to 740), P= 0.021] and systolic pulmonary pressure > 60 mmHg [OR 31 (CI 1.6 to 591), P= 0.022] were predictors of in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: Conventional preoperative variables such as age > 65 years, creatinine > 2 mg/dl and systolic pulmonary pressure > 60 mmHg were predictive of inhospital mortality in patients underwent CABG in AMI.
Keywords : risk factors; myocardial infarction; revascularização miocárdica; coronary artery bypass.