SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.10 issue1Theoretical and methodological reflexions on community psychologyKohlberg and the "Just Community": developing ethical sense and citizenship in the schools author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972

Abstract

LANIGAN, Richard L.. Capta versus data: method and evidence in communicology. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 1997, vol.10, n.1, pp. 17-45. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79721997000100004.

Methodology is a basic concern with types of evidence, structures of analysis, and rules of judgment for validity. This article compares the research methods of phenomenology and positivism. Qualitative research is a focus on the objective use of normative logics of measurement in empirical experience. The sample evidence analyzed is taken from discourse data reported by A. R. Luria in his book Cognitive Development originally published in russian in 1974. The application of Communication Theory (phenomenology) is contrasted with that of information theory (positivism). Then, the Luria evidence is analyzed for its internal logics (deduction, induction, abduction, adduction). An external comparison is made between the Luria findings and a common diagnostic instrument for measuring language development in children.

Keywords : Communication; phenomenology; cognition; positivism.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · pdf in Portuguese