Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
ARAUJO, Lisiane B. and GOMES, William B.. Adolescence and the expectations of alcohol effects. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 1998, vol.11, n.1, pp. 05-33. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79721998000100002.
There are two interdependent studies . The Study One used a protocol to investigate: the most common characteristic of alcohol use, the most frequently expected effects from alcohol, and the relationship between the frequency of alcohol use during the previous month and the expectations. The subjects were 188 high school students from a public school in Porto Alegre, Brazil. The adolescents who had not drunk in the previous month or only taste some alcohol drinking had fewer positive expectations than those who drank with more frequency during the period. Study Two used an interview to investigate the expectation contents in relation to alcohol, and the alcohol use and effects in the adolescent's experience. Nine out of the 188 from the Study One were interviewed. They were selected by considering age (from 14 to 16), frequency of alcohol use in the last month, and types of expectations. The descriptions from the interviews were classified in meaning units and organized in thematic categories. The interpretations pointed to the alcohol use as a part of adolescent development in our society, and the impact of the family model and advising in their adolescent childrens habit and choice of alcohol drinking.
Keywords : Adolescent; expectations; alcohol; effects; qualitative and quantitative methodology.