Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
Print version ISSN 0102-7972
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
ENGELMANN, Arno. Science and consciousness. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 1998, vol.11, n.2, pp.273-280. ISSN 0102-7972. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79721998000200007.
My philosophical approach to the universe is skeptic. All the things are known through a never complete knowledge. Only the individual observer knows really for a moment what is true. But this truth becomes probabilistic when the present is gone. I call this individual truth "immediate-consciousness". I call mediate-consciousness the own knowledge in another human, or non-human, animal of part of his or her functioning. I call others-mediate-consciousness the animals parts capable of being studied. The study is done through consciousness indicators, one of them being the verbal report.
Keywords : Consciousness; Skepticism; Emergence; Consciousness indicators; Verbal report.