Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
AMAZARRAY, Mayte Raya; MACHADO, Paula Sandrine; OLIVEIRA, Viviane Ziebell de and GOMES, William Barbosa. The experience of assuming pregnancy during adolescence: a phenomenological study. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 1998, vol.11, n.3, pp. 431-440. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79721998000300004.
The objective of the present study was to describe the experience of being a teenage mother. Six teenage mothers, 17 to 20 years old, answered a semi-structured interview. They had all taken part of a pre-birth assistance program as well as experienced motherhood for more than one year. The data were analyzed in accordance with the phenomenological description, reduction and interpretation, which showed ten theme categories: being pregnant, impact of pregnancy, pregnancy and childbirth, taking part in a pre-birth program for teenagers, being pregnant versus being a teenager, self-image, attachment group for teenagers, teenage and its relationships, relation with the baby and motherhood. Subjects considered that having an opportunity to socialize with other pregnant teenagers, to find answers to their questions, and to have support from a multidisciplinary team was important to avoid problems during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as for establishing maternal identity.
Keywords : teenage pregnancy; pre-birth; pregnancy; motherhood; teenager.