Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
BIAGGIO, Angela M. B.. Universalism versus relativism in moral judgment . Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 1999, vol.12, n.1, pp. 5-20. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79721999000100002.
This article analyses positions of distinguished authors in the field of moral development, regarding the issue of universalism versus relativism. Based on analyses and critiques by James Rest, Orlando Lourenço, Lutz Eckensberger, and John Snarey, the author reviews unversalistic positions such as those of Piaget and Kohlberg (with their roots in Kant), and relativistic positions, having as their extreme the position of Shweder. Between the two extremes,the stands of Turiel, Gilligan and other authors are discussed.
Keywords : Universalism; relativism; moral judgment; Kohlberg.