Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
MEDEIROS, Paula Cristina; LOUREIRO, Sonia Regina; LINHARES, Maria Beatriz Martins and MARTURANO, Edna Maria. Self-efficacy and behavioral aspects of children with learning difficulties. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2000, vol.13, n.3, pp. 327-336. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722000000300002.
The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship among school performance, sense of self-efficacy, and behavioral aspects in 52 children of both sexes, aged from eight to 11 years and 11 months. The children were enrolled in the first to fourth grade and their intelligence level was assessed as of lower medium level at least. Subjects were divided in two groups: G1-26 children with learning difficulties referred to a Psychology Ambulatory of a School Hospital, and G2-26 children with good achievement, assessed by an academic performance test. The instruments used were: Self-Efficacy Assessment Form and Rutter Child Behavior Scale, as well as a school achievement test. G1 showed a significantly lower score for self-efficacy sense, compared to G2. A significant difference was also observed in the assessment made by parents, who characterized G1 children as having more behavioral difficulties. Academic performance was found to be related to self-efficacy sense and to indicators of behavioral problems.
Keywords : Learning difficulty; self-efficacy; behavior.