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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

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Abstract

KRISTENSEN, Christian Haag; ALMEIDA, Rosa Maria Martins de  and  GOMES, William Barbosa. Historical Development and Methodological Foundations of Cognitive Neuropsychology. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2001, vol.14, n.2, pp. 259-274. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722001000200002.

The cognitive neuropsychology is presented in its historical development and main methodological changes. The ontological debates are distinguished on the relations between mind and brain in the history of psychology. The appearance of neuropsychology is described as a result of the studies concerning the relations between aphasia and cerebral injuries. The research in cognition, a strong movement in psychology in the last four decades, is recognized as a contribution to the understanding of human mental operations. Such developments strengthened the relations between brain and mind. The main methodological proposals in cognitive neuropsychology are discussed with special emphasis for the following aspects: debate between case and groups studies; dissociations between cognitive tasks; and advances and limitations of the neuroimaging techniques. Finally, the historical process of scientific and professional organization of the area is described.

Keywords : Cognitive neuropsychology; methodology; history.

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