Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
LEME, Maria Isabel da Silva. Interpersonal conflict solving: interactions among cognition and emotion in culture. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2004, vol.17, n.3, pp. 367-380. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722004000300010.
Two studies were conducted in order to assess some issues involved into interpersonal violence, and also to achieve more understanding about the cognitive and affective interrelationships on psychological functioning. In Study 1, the complete version of The Children's Action Tendency Scale (CATS) was used to assess conflict resolution tendencies in a sample of 779 2nd to 7th grade students. The main tendencies of conflict resolution, assertiveness, submissiveness and aggression found among Brazilian students were the same found for the American sample, but some significant differences regarding submissiveness and assertiveness were also found. In Study 2, the short version of the scale was administered to a sample of 320 5th to 7th graders, in which the main tendencies identified in this study were submissiveness, aggressiveness and assertiveness, as well as a mixture of the first two tendencies. These results are discussed as being influenced by interrelations of research context, age, sex, and culture.
Keywords : Interpersonal conflict resolution; cognition; emotion; culture.