SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.19 issue2Metacognition as regulatory strategy of learningInstructional control in play between children with different repertories author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica

Print version ISSN 0102-7972On-line version ISSN 1678-7153

Abstract

MONTELES, Karla Maria Costa; PARACAMPO, Carla Cristina Paiva  and  ALBUQUERQUE, Luiz Carlos de. Effects of a continuous history of reinforcement and social consequences on rule following. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2006, vol.19, n.2, pp.186-196. ISSN 0102-7972.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722006000200004.

In order to investigate the effects of variables involved in rule following, 18 children were exposed to a matching-to-sample procedure. Each child touched one of two comparison stimuli in the presence of a contextual stimulus. Correct responses were reinforced with tokens. Phase 1 began with minimal instruction, Phase 2 with a contingency-correspondent rule, and Phases 3 and 4 with a change in the contingencies. The three experimental conditions differed in Phases 1 and 3. In Phase 1 of Condition 1, no response was reinforced, and in Phase 1 of Conditions 2 and 3, there was differential reinforcement of the correct responses. In Phase 3 of the three conditions, the maintenance of rule following was not rewarded with tokens; instead praise was delivered in Condition 3. Rule following was maintained in Conditions 1 and 3, but left out in Condition 2. Some explanations are provided for the maintenance of rule following behavior.

Keywords : Control by rules; control by reinforcement history; control by social consequences; matching-to sample; children.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in Portuguese     · Portuguese ( pdf epdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License