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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
PINHEIRO, Maria Isabel Santos et al. Training parent social skills for families of children with behavior problems. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2006, vol.19, n.3, pp. 407-414. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722006000300009.
This paper describes a Parental Social Skills Program aimed to reduce children behavior problems. The program, lasting 11 weeks, was implemented by means of weekly sequential steps starting with behavior analysis principles for parents to practice a non-coercitive discipline and to learn, models of parental social skills. Parents received weekly home assignments to observe the children's behavior, to establish favorable learning conditions for children to behave in desirable ways (empathy, compliance, independence etc.) and to adequately express emotions. Thirty-two mothers and two fathers participated in the program. Self-report questionnaires and open interviews in the pre-and post-intervention phases were used to assess the program's efficacy. Results showed significant reduction in the frequency and severity of disruptive and/or noncompliant behavior, as assessed by the parents. In conclusion, the approach of educational social abilities for parents may contribute positively to the development of non-coercitive disciplinary practices.
Keywords : Parent training; social skills training; behavior modification; non-coercitive discipline; externalizing behaviors; family, childhood education.