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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
SALLES, Jerusa Fumagalli de and PARENTE, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta. Evaluation of reading and writing of words in 2nd grade children: neuropsychological cognitive approach. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2007, vol.20, n.2, pp. 220-228. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722007000200007.
Reading and writing are complex activities, made up of multiple processes. In Brazil there is no consensus regarding the expected performance for reading and writing for each year of schooling, besides there being a diversity of evaluation forms for these abilities. This study aims to analyze, in a neuropsychological cognitive approach, the precision in the use of routes of oral reading and writing of isolated words in 109 children attending the 2nd grade in state schools. The results showed a greater precision in the use of the phonological reading and writing route, due to the better performance in the use of pseudo-words than in the use of irregular words, high effect of regularity and extension and, the mistakes in neologisms and regularizations. However, there were signs that the lexical route is also used. It can be concluded, that children of the 2nd grade of state schools, use both routes of reading and writing of isolated words, but preferably the phonological route.
Keywords : Reading; writing; Dual-Route models of reading and writing; children; evaluation.