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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
SPINILLO, Alina Galvão and MAHON, Érika da Rocha. Text comprehension in children: comparing different classes of inferences by using on-line methodology. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2007, vol.20, n.3, pp. 463-471. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722007000300014.
This study, by means of using an on-line methodology, examined 7 and 9-year-old children's text comprehension in relation to different types of inferences constructed during a story reading task: causal inferences, state inferences and inferences of prediction (what happens next in the story). The on-line methodology consists of making inferential questions to the child during text comprehension immediately after the subject has read a passage. Due to the fact that inferences of prediction involve extratextual information and require to raise hypothesis about the continuity of the narrative, children had difficulties in predicting events that had not occurred yet in the story. It was concluded that the ability to make inferences during text comprehension varies according to the type of inferential question presented and that this ability develops with age. The inovative aspect of the on-line methodology and its relevance to the research on text comprehension are discussed.
Keywords : Text comprehension; children; inferences; on-line methodology.