Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
LIMA, Eduardo de Paula; HAASE, Vitor Geraldi and LANA-PEIXOTO, Marco Aurélio. Neuropsychological heterogeneity in multiple sclerosis. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2008, vol.21, n.1, pp. 100-109. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722008000100013.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressively disabling neurological disease which symptoms affect sensory, motor and psychological functioning. Several clinical neurological and psychological variables influence the neuropsychological profile in MS, which is extremely heterogeneous. The main objective of the present study was to investigate if it is possible to statistically stratify control subjects and MS patients from neurological, socio-demographic and neuropsychological dimensions. With this purpose we applied cluster analysis procedures to five neuropsychological instruments selected according to diagnostic accuracy from a pool of 9 neuropsychological tests. The sample was composed of 45 healthy controls and 35 MS patients with similar socio-demographic characteristics. The results indicated an ideal solution with 4 different clusters according to two dimensions: "cognitive" and "psychosocial" functioning, which represent independent but non-disjunctive aspects of neuropsychological functioning in MS.
Keywords : Multiple Sclerosis; neuropsychological assessment; criteria validity; cluster analysis.