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Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
FREIRE, Rosane Papaleo et al. Effect of encoding strategies on contextual memory in elders. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2008, vol.21, n.2, pp. 326-331. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722008000200019.
Previous researches suggest that contextual memory is especially susceptible to the negative effects of aging upon cognition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of memorization strategies on the performance of twenty-four elders and twenty-one young participants on contextual memory task. Within each of the age groups, the participants were divided into those that received or did not receive specific orientation to link objects to a context. At test session, participants were engaged in object and context recognition tests. Findings showed that the specific orientation to link object to context was able to revert the contextual memory deficits of the elders.
Keywords : Memory; aging; cognition.