Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica
On-line version ISSN 1678-7153
CARVALHO-BARRETO, André de; BUCHER-MALUSCHKE, Júlia Sursis Nobre Ferro; ALMEIDA, Paulo César de and DESOUZA, Eros. Human development and gender violence: a bioecological integration. Psicol. Reflex. Crit. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.1, pp. 86-92. ISSN 1678-7153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722009000100012.
The purpose of the present study was to examine the etiology of gender violence using the Bioecological Theory of Human Development. Such approach considers gender violence as a multidimensional phenomenon grounded in an interrelationship among several factors. Thus, this model is an heuristic tool that organizes several factors into four levels: personal (biological and psychological characteristics), processing (interpersonal interaction), contextual (social support network, community, and culture), and temporal (intra-, inter-, and trans-generational). The authors suggest that the proposed model is a useful tool for guiding future research studies and interventions.
Keywords : Gender violence; domestic violence; violence against women; human development.